Volume 42 | Issue 1 | Page 75

The Legal Effect of the Unknown Clause in a Bill of Lading under the International Rules

by Sangman Kim & Jongho Kim

Abstract
Bills of lading gradually came into use and are an example of early custom of international traders, or their agents, regarding travel on board a ship with goods. Furthermore, carriers have long employed the practice of inserting an unknown clause in a bill of lading in international transactions. Many countries have adopted or incorporated a set of international rules regarding international carriage of goods by sea into their own national laws. These rules regulate and govern the legal effect of the unknown clause in international trade. This paper looks at those rules, their problems, and changes that should be made.

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